Split and chop large pieces of wood with these two-handed axes and mauls. Axes have a thinner, sharper blade for chopping wood across the grain. Mauls have a blunter, fatter blade for splitting wood along the grain.
Sometimes referred to as single-bit axes, flat-backed axes have a heavy, flat butt at the back of the head and a sharp blade at the front of the head. When the axe is swung, the butt concentrates the cutting force behind the blade. These single-blade axes are suitable for chopping down small- and medium-sized trees and for chopping wood across the grain.
Designed to split wood along the grain, mauls have a heavy, wedge-shaped head that can deliver a powerful blow and a long handle that provides good leverage for pushing the tool through the wood. The heavy butt on the back of the head concentrates the striking force behind the wedge to split the wood, and it can be struck with a hammer to drive the tool deeper into the workpiece.
Also known as double-bit axes, double-blade axes have a cutting edge on both sides of the head. Typically, one edge is kept sharper for tasks like chopping logs and felling trees and the other is kept duller for tasks like lopping off tree limbs and hacking through knots. A long handle provides faster, more forceful swings than a hand axe.
Often called firefighters' axes or fire axes, pick-head axes are commonly used by firefighters and rescue workers to create evacuation routes in burning or collapsed buildings. They have a sharp, flat blade on one end of the head for chopping and breaking down doors and walls and a pick at the other for prying doors and boards and breaking windows.
With a hoe-like mattock blade on one end of the head and a sharp axe blade on the other, mattock-head axes are well suited for digging up and chopping roots and vegetation. Also known as Pulaski axes, these tools are commonly used for outdoor tasks like building trails, fighting forest fires, and clearing brush.